Namdapha National Park
Namdapha Tiger reserve in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh is spread in an area of 1,850-sq-kms rugged terrain.
Perhaps no other national park in the world has a wider attitudinal variation than the Namdapha national park that rises from 200m to 4,500m in the snow-capped mountain. This variation has given rise to the growth of diverse habitats of flora and fauna. For the truly dedicated wilderness and wildlife fan, a visit to the Namdapha National Park is a challenging one. It is also an ideal place for trekking and hiking The beautiful forests possess great bio diversity of Flora and Fauna. A detailed study of its species and genetic variation has not yet been thoroughly done. Namdapha is a Botanist's dream and it may take as long as 50 years to complete a comprehensive survey of its botanical resources. There are more than 150 timber species. The Pinus Merkusi and Abies Delavavi are not found any where else in India than here. One of the rarest and endangered orchids, the Blue Vanda is also found here. The most famous local medicinal plant Mishimi Teeta, which is used by the local tribals to cure all kinds of diseases, is available here.
Wildlife Attractions in Namdapha National Park
The diverse vegetation and habitats of Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary grooms diverse species of animals and birds. It is the only park in the World to have four Feline species of big cat namely the Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia) and Clouded Leopard. A number of primate species are seen in the park, including the Assamese Macaque, pig-tailed Macaque, stump-tailed Macaque and a number of distinctive Hoolock Gibbons, highly endangered and only 'Ape' species found in India, dwell in this impenetrable virgin forest. Of the many other important animals are Elephants, Black Bear, Indian Bison, several species of Deers, reptiles and a variety of arboreal animals.
Among the bird species, most notable are the White winged Wood Ducks, a rare and endangered species, the great Indian Hornbills, Jungle Fowls and Pheasants flop their noisy way through the jungle. The inaccessibility of a greater part of the park has helped to keep the forests in their pristine and virgin state in its natural form.
Moreover, the park possesses great bio diversity of flora and fauna. The lush green under growths of canes, bamboos, wild bananas and other variety of vegetation are intertwined like cobwebs. The grandeur of the wet tropical rain forest is breeding ground for a variety of animals and birds which is a remarkable sight, worth seeing.
The beautiful little forest camp is situated on the banks of the river Noa-Dihing. The beautiful bungalow, providing scenic views of the river, offers quality accommodation for the visitors.
Situated just 9 km from Deban, the area is a homing ground for hornbills. Flocks of homing birds playing around and freely flying around in the air can be frequently seen here.
The camping site offers breathtaking views of the Namdapha park. It makes an ideal spot to click some picture postcard photographs of the area.
How to get there
The nearest airport is at Dibrugarh. Indian Airlines flies Calcutta-Dibrugarh at 9:45 (except on Mon & Fri).
The nearest railhead is Tinsukia. Delhi is connected to Tinsukia through the Brahmputra Mail (daily, 20:55) and Chennai through the Dibrugarh Exp. (Thu, 22:25). Another option is to travel to Dibrugarh and make a connection to Namdapha or Tinsukia from there.
From Tinusukia or Dibugarh, the journey to Miao, headquarters of the National Park and the Tiger Reserve, has to be done by road, over a distance of 150-km. Then, a forest road stretching over around 28-km gives access to the protected area up to a place called Deban, which has a lovely forest rest house and some other accommodation for the field staff. Beyond this area there is no road as such and all movement inside the reserve has to be on foot through dense forest and steep hill ranges with streams and rivers flowing in between. To reach by road from Dibrugarh, take the NH37 to Makum via Tinsukia. From there, NH38 to Ledo, state highway to Miao and link road from here to Deban.
Distances from Major Cities
150 km (E)/7 hrs. (to Deban via Miao)
45 km (E)/2 hrs.
Travel Tips/Important Information
- Indian visitors have to obtain an inner line permit to visit the state of Arunachal Pradesh which can be obtained only from within the district, while foreigners require a restricted area permit (a 10 day permit requires valid visas and costs around US$ 50/person) which can be obtained from the home ministry in New Delhi. It is better to apply as early as possible.
- The most common entry to the park is from M'pen checkpost (11 km away). Another access through the Lisu village at Gandhigram is a bit difficult to manage, but promises the vacation of a lifetime.
- Park charges Entry Fee : Rs. 10 (Indians) & Rs. 50 (foreigners), Vehicles : Rs. 100, Camera : Rs. 70 (still) & Rs. 100 (video)
- The park remains open for visitors from sunrise to sunset.
- Try to wear shades of green and other light colored clothing. Avoid bright colors and strong smelling perfumes.
- Check out the park timings and safari timings.
- Bookings should be made in advance to avoid disappointment.
- Prior knowledge about animal habits will enhance your experience.